医学常用词汇的比较

1. 继发性,特发性,原发性

特发性更强调原因不明。原发性强调和继发性的鉴别

An idiopathy is any disease with unknown pathogenesis of apparently spontaneous origin.For some medical conditions, one or more causes are somewhat understood, but in a certain percentage of people with the condition, the cause may not be readily apparent or characterized. In these cases, the origin of the condition is said to be idiopathic.The word essential is sometimes synonymous with idiopathic (as in essential proteinuria or essential thrombocythemia), and the same is true of primary (as in primary biliary cirrhosis or primary amenorrhea), with the latter term being used in such cases to contrast with secondary in the sense of “secondary to [i.e., caused by] some other condition.”

 

参考资料:
https://www.zhihu.com/question/23629624/answer/25181985

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