【5.1】matplotlib-报错--tkinter.TclError no display name

报错:

tkinter.TclError: no display name and no $DISPLAY environment variable

官网的解释:

Many users report initial problems trying to use maptlotlib in web application servers, because by default matplotlib ships configured to work with a graphical user interface which may require an X11 connection. Since many barebones application servers do not have X11 enabled, you may get errors if you don’t configure matplotlib for use in these environments. Most importantly, you need to decide what kinds of images you want to generate (PNG, PDF, SVG) and configure the appropriate default backend. For 99% of users, this will be the Agg backend, which uses the C++ antigrain rendering engine to make nice PNGs

解决办法1:

这也是大部分人在网上诸如stackoverflow的问答平台得到的解决方案,在引入pyplot、pylab之前,要先更改matplotlib的后端模式为”Agg”。直接贴代码吧!

# do this before importing pylab or pyplot
import matplotlib
matplotlib.use('Agg')
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

解决办法2:

找到matplotlibrc文件位置

[sam@g02 /]$ python
Python 2.7.14 |Anaconda custom (64-bit)| (default, Mar 27 2018, 17:29:31)
[GCC 7.2.0] on linux2
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>>
>>> import matplotlib
>>> matplotlib.matplotlib_fname()
'/data/software/anaconda2/lib/python2.7/site-packages/matplotlib/mpl-data/matplotlibrc'

vim /data/software/anaconda2/lib/python2.7/site-packages/matplotlib/mpl-data/matplotlibrc

找到backend这里,然后将其改成Agg,如下!

# You can also deploy your own backend outside of matplotlib by
# referring to the module name (which must be in the PYTHONPATH) as
# ‘module://my_backend’.
backend : Agg

参考资料

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