【2.9.2】matplotlib.patches.Polygon

一、案例

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from matplotlib.patches import Ellipse, Polygon

fig, (ax1, ax2, ax3) = plt.subplots(3)

ax1.bar(range(1, 5), range(1, 5), color='red', edgecolor='black', hatch="/")
ax1.bar(range(1, 5), [6] * 4, bottom=range(1, 5),
        color='blue', edgecolor='black', hatch='//')
ax1.set_xticks([1.5, 2.5, 3.5, 4.5])

bars = ax2.bar(range(1, 5), range(1, 5), color='yellow', ecolor='black') + \
    ax2.bar(range(1, 5), [6] * 4, bottom=range(1, 5),
            color='green', ecolor='black')
ax2.set_xticks([1.5, 2.5, 3.5, 4.5])

patterns = ('-', '+', 'x', '\\', '*', 'o', 'O', '.')
for bar, pattern in zip(bars, patterns):
    bar.set_hatch(pattern)

ax3.fill([1, 3, 3, 1], [1, 1, 2, 2], fill=False, hatch='\\')
ax3.add_patch(Ellipse((4, 1.5), 4, 0.5, fill=False, hatch='*'))
ax3.add_patch(Polygon([[0, 0], [4, 1.1], [6, 2.5], [2, 1.4]], closed=True,
                      fill=False, hatch='/'))
ax3.set_xlim((0, 6))
ax3.set_ylim((0, 2.5))

plt.show()

二、说明

class matplotlib.patches.Polygon(xy, closed=True, **kwargs)

  • 通过xy来传递一系列坐标点
  • 当closed=True的时候,当起始和终止位点一样时,polygon将会关闭
  • Polygon构建的多边形,需要通过add_patch来添加到图中
Property Description
agg_filter a filter function, which takes a (m, n, 3) float array and a dpi value, and returns a (m, n, 3) array
alpha float or None
animated bool
antialiased or aa unknown
capstyle {‘butt’, ‘round’, ‘projecting’}
clip_box Bbox
clip_on bool
clip_path [(Path, Transform)
color color
contains callable
edgecolor or ec color or None or ‘auto’
facecolor or fc color or None
figure Figure
fill bool
gid str
hatch {‘/’, ‘\‘, ‘
in_layout bool
joinstyle {‘miter’, ‘round’, ‘bevel’}
label object
linestyle or ls {‘-’, ‘–’, ‘-.’, ‘:‘, “, (offset, on-off-seq), …}
linewidth or lw float or None
path_effects AbstractPathEffect
picker None or bool or float or callable
rasterized bool or None
sketch_params (scale: float, length: float, randomness: float)
snap bool or None
transform Transform
url str
visible bool
zorder float

参考资料

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