【2.5.2】饼形图(Pie Chart)

饼图是显示群组成的经典方式。 然而,现在通常不建议使用它,因为馅饼部分的面积有时会变得误导。 因此,如果您要使用饼图,强烈建议明确记下饼图每个部分的百分比或数字。

# Import
df_raw = pd.read_csv("https://github.com/selva86/datasets/raw/master/mpg_ggplot2.csv")

# Prepare Data
df = df_raw.groupby('class').size()

# Make the plot with pandas
df.plot(kind='pie', subplots=True, figsize=(8, 8), dpi= 80)
plt.title("Pie Chart of Vehicle Class - Bad")
plt.ylabel("")
plt.show()

# Import
df_raw = pd.read_csv("https://github.com/selva86/datasets/raw/master/mpg_ggplot2.csv")

# Prepare Data
df = df_raw.groupby('class').size().reset_index(name='counts')

# Draw Plot
fig, ax = plt.subplots(figsize=(12, 7), subplot_kw=dict(aspect="equal"), dpi= 80)

data = df['counts']
categories = df['class']
explode = [0,0,0,0,0,0.1,0]

def func(pct, allvals):
    absolute = int(pct/100.*np.sum(allvals))
    return "{:.1f}% ({:d} )".format(pct, absolute)

wedges, texts, autotexts = ax.pie(data, 
                                  autopct=lambda pct: func(pct, data),
                                  textprops=dict(color="w"), 
                                  colors=plt.cm.Dark2.colors,
                                 startangle=140,
                                 explode=explode)

# Decoration
ax.legend(wedges, categories, title="Vehicle Class", loc="center left", bbox_to_anchor=(1, 0, 0.5, 1))
plt.setp(autotexts, size=10, weight=700)
ax.set_title("Class of Vehicles: Pie Chart")
plt.show()

参考资料

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