【2.4】seaborn两变量图(seaborn-jointplot)

jointplot用于两个变量的作图

一、参数说明

seaborn.jointplot(x, y, data=None, kind=’scatter’, stat_func=, color=None, size=6, ratio=5, space=0.2, dropna=True, xlim=None, ylim=None, joint_kws=None, marginal_kws=None, annot_kws=None, **kwargs) 

参数说明

x, y : strings or vectors 
Data or names of variables in data.
data : DataFrame, optional 
DataFrame when x and y are variable names.
kind : { “scatter” | “reg” | “resid” | “kde” | “hex” }, optional 
Kind of plot to draw.
**stat_fun**c : callable or None, optional 
Function used to calculate a statistic about the relationship and annotate the plot. Should map x and y either to a single value or to a (value, p) tuple. Set to None if you don’t want to annotate the plot.
color : matplotlib color, optional 
Color used for the plot elements.
size : numeric, optional 
Size of the figure (it will be square).
ratio : numeric, optional 
Ratio of joint axes size to marginal axes height.
space : numeric, optional 
Space between the joint and marginal axes
dropna : bool, optional 
If True, remove observations that are missing from x and y.
{x, y}lim : two-tuples, optional 
Axis limits to set before plotting.
{joint, marginal, annot}_kws : dicts, optional 
Additional keyword arguments for the plot components.
kwargs : key, value pairings 
Additional keyword arguments are passed to the function used to draw the plot on the joint Axes, superseding items in the joint_kws dictionary. 
Returns: 
grid : JointGrid 
JointGrid object with the plot on it.

class seaborn.JointGrid(x, y, data=None, size=6, ratio=5, space=0.2, dropna=True, xlim=None, ylim=None) Parameters:

x, y : strings or vectors 
Data or names of variables in data.
data : DataFrame, optional 
DataFrame when x and y are variable names.
size : numeric 
Size of each side of the figure in inches (it will be square).
ratio : numeric 
Ratio of joint axes size to marginal axes height.
space : numeric, optional 
Space between the joint and marginal axes
dropna : bool, optional 
If True, remove observations that are missing from x and y.
{x, y}lim : two-tuples, optional 
Axis limits to set before plotting.

解释:

  • jointplot是画两个变量或者单变量的图像,是对JointGrid类的实现
  • x,y为DataFrame中的列名或者是两组数据,data指向dataframe ,kind是你想要画图的类型
  • stat_func 用于计算统计量关系的函数
  • kind 图形的类型scatter,reg,resid,kde,hex

  • space 定义的是上,右图像距离中间图像的距离

  • color 定义的是图形的整体颜色

  • edgecolor 定义中间图形散点的颜色

  • linewidth 定义图形线条或者散点图的大小

  • marginal_kws 定义边界上hist的参数,以字典的形式传参

二、例子

例1:两边带有histogram的散点图

>>> import numpy as np, pandas as pd; np.random.seed(0)
>>> import seaborn as sns; sns.set(style="white", color_codes=True)
>>> tips = sns.load_dataset("tips")
>>> g = sns.jointplot(x="total_bill", y="tip", data=tips)

例2:散点图和histogram中加入拟合曲线

g = sns.jointplot("total_bill", "tip", data=tips, kind="reg")

例3 三点用六边形来代替

g = sns.jointplot("total_bill", "tip", data=tips, kind="hex")

例4 KDE图

>>> iris = sns.load_dataset("iris")
>>> g = sns.jointplot("sepal_width", "petal_length", data=iris,
...                   kind="kde", space=0, color="g")

例5 散点图+ KDE图

>>> g = (sns.jointplot("sepal_length", "sepal_width",
...                    data=iris, color="k")
...         .plot_joint(sns.kdeplot, zorder=0, n_levels=6))

例6 通过向量传递x,y轴

>>> x, y = np.random.randn(2, 300)
>>> g = (sns.jointplot(x, y, kind="hex")
...         .set_axis_labels("x", "y"))

例7 给边框上的图形更多的空间

>>> g = sns.jointplot("total_bill", "tip", data=tips,
...                   height=5, ratio=3, color="g")

例8 添加pearson

import scipy.stats as sci

sns.jointplot(x='v_ma5',y='price_change',data=stock,kind='reg',stat_func=sci.pearsonr,space=0,color='r')

三、我的案例

四、讨论

参考资料

个人公众号,比较懒,很少更新,可以在上面提问题,如果回复不及时,可发邮件给我: tiehan@sina.cn

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