【2】文件读写-7-python深拷贝与浅拷贝--deepcopy/copy

Assignment statements in Python do not copy objects, they create bindings between a target and an object. For collections that are mutable or contain mutable items, a copy is sometimes needed so one can change one copy without changing the other.

  1. copy.copy 浅拷贝 只拷贝父对象,不会拷贝对象的内部的子对象。
  2. copy.deepcopy 深拷贝 拷贝对象及其子对象

一个很好的例子:

import copy
a = [1, 2, 3, 4, ['a', 'b']]  #原始对象

b = a  #赋值,传对象的引用
c = copy.copy(a)  #对象拷贝,浅拷贝
d = copy.deepcopy(a)  #对象拷贝,深拷贝

a.append(5)  #修改对象a
a[4].append('c')  #修改对象a中的['a', 'b']数组对象

print 'a = ', a
print 'b = ', b
print 'c = ', c
print 'd = ', d

输出结果:

a =  [1, 2, 3, 4, ['a', 'b', 'c'], 5]
b =  [1, 2, 3, 4, ['a', 'b', 'c'], 5]
c =  [1, 2, 3, 4, ['a', 'b', 'c']]
d =  [1, 2, 3, 4, ['a', 'b']]

参考资料:

https://docs.python.org/2/library/copy.html

http://www.jb51.net/article/15714.htm

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